Questionable Love Spells from History

In 1486, Heinrich Kramer, a Dominican monk and Inquisitor, published the famous witch hunters manual, Malleus Maleficarum. The text enumerates theological arguments for the existence of witchcraft, and devotes pages to the ins

Uses of a Bird's Tongue

I collect and read grimoires - books of spells, invocations, and magical instructions. My focus is on early modern European grimoires in the Christian tradition. As I read, I index the information in